The World Affairs Council of St. Louis
In Partnership With:
University of Missouri-St. Louis International Studies & Programs and
University of Missouri-St. Louis Alumni
Great Decisions 2017
Inspiring Learning About The World
Place: Ethical Society of St. Louis - 9001 Clayton Road - St. Louis, MO 63117-1003
Time: 12:00 pm - 1:30 pm
The Future of Europe: March 2, 2017
Dr. Matthew Gabel, Professor of Political Science and Associate Chair at Washington University
The outcome of the United Kingdom referendum on EU membership sent shockwaves across the globe. It even caught British voters by surprise. The European Union has helped secure peace in Europe for the past 70 years. Now it faces an uncertain future. Amid a refugee crisis, lingering financial recession and the constant specter of terrorism, unity seems more imperative than ever. But the Brexit vote underscores the complexities of integrating an extremely diverse continent. What will post-Brexit Europe look like, and how can U.S. foreign policy adapt?
Trade and Politics: March 9, 2017
Dr. Daniel Hellinger, Professor of International Relations and Head of Residential Programs in International Relations at Webster University
The U.S. political mood toward trade has gone sour. One need look no further than the 2016 presidential contest for the popular narrative: trade means that China wins, at America’s expense. But do the numbers support that conclusion? The metrics used to gauge economic strength- Gross Domestic Product and balance of trade- have not kept up with the realities of modern manufacturing. Obtaining an accurate picture of U.S. economic stature requires a critique of those numbers. Only then can the U.S. develop appropriate policy solutions for the challenges at hand.
Conflict in the South China Sea: March 16, 2017
Dr. Joel Glassman, Associate Professor and Academic Director of International Studies and Programs at University of Missouri St. Louis
The South China Sea is a locus of competing territorial claims, and China its most vocal claimant. Beijing’s interest has intensified disputes with other countries in the region in recent years, especially since China has increased its naval presence. Despite rising international pressure, including an unfavorable ruling by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, China staunchly defends its policies in the region. Preventing tensions from boiling over is a matter of careful diplomacy.
Nuclear Security: March 23, 2017
Nuclear nonproliferation was a top priority for the Obama administration. While the Iran Deal was a diplomatic victory toward this end, major threats persist from both state and non-state actors. Countries like North Korea, Russia, India, and Pakistan continue to challenge nonproliferation efforts. The possibility that terrorists will carry out an attack using a “dirty bomb," made from captured nuclear materials, looks increasingly real. In a fractious world, which way forward for U.S. nuclear security policy?
Latin America’s Political Pendulum: March 30, 2017
Dr. J.D. Bowen, Associate Professor of Political Science at Saint Louis University
The pendulum of Latin American politics is swinging rightward once again. Yet as the “pink tide” recedes, the forces of change have more to do with socioeconomics than ideology. Dramatic economic and political crises have coincided in countries like Brazil and Venezuela. Still, the final result for Latin America may be the emergence of centrist, pragmatic modes of governance, and with them, opportunities for the U.S. to improve relations. The new administration must look beyond the neoliberal model of the 1990s, and develop an approach to relations fit for the 21st century.
Prospects for Afghanistan and Pakistan: April 6, 2017
Ms. Barbara Hufker, Adjunct Professor of International Relations at Webster University
Major internal conflict has plagued Afghanistan for four decades. The U.S., for its part has conducted military operations in the country nearly continuously since 9/11. Today, war with the Taliban persists, and tensions between the U.S. and Pakistan have gradually deteriorated. As his time in office drew to a close, President Obama limited further withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan. The incoming administration has a choice: will it maintain the status quo, completely reverse the Obama administration drawdown or withdraw completely? Does the U.S. face a no-win situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan?
U.S. Foreign Policy and Petroleum: April 13, 2017
Dr. Tahmineh Entessar, Assistant Director of International Relations Graduate Program atWebster University
What is the effect of U.S. petroleum security on foreign policy? For 45 years, the country has alternated between periods of energy security and insecurity, sometimes able to wield petroleum as a useful instrument of foreign policy, sometimes not. Despite the so-called “energy revolution”, the U.S. today is by no means disentangled from foreign dependence and global trends. In order to be successful, policymakers must recognize both petroleum security circumstances and patterns in the relationship between petroleum and foreign policy.
Saudi Arabia in Transition: April 20, 2017
Mr. Brent Shapiro, former U.S. Special Operations Officer, National Security and International Logistics Consultant
As Saudi Arabia struggles to adjust to the drastic decline in oil revenue, Deputy Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman attempts to boldly transform the country and shift more power to the younger generation. At the same time, many countries such as the U.S. point to the lack of democracy, women’s rights and human rights in Saudi Arabia, and blame its promotion in Wahhabism, an extremely conservative version of Islam, for creating jihadists. Bipartisan criticism of Saudi Arabia is rising in Congress. Both countries need each other, but they are at a crossroads in bilateral relations.
We hope you will join us for what is sure to be an interesting series of vitally importatnt topics.